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Botox is a purified pharmaceutical preparation, that softens lines and creases in the upper part of the face, by inactivating specific muscles that pull on the skin. It works to eliminate those lines that occur because of hyperactive muscle movement. It is most effective in the following areas:
Botox has been used for about 30 years to treat conditions such as eye muscle spasm and facial muscle imbalance. It has now been approved by the FDA for cosmetic use.
- Frown lines in the glabella area (between the eyebrows)
- Forehead creases (horizontal lines)
- "Crow's feet" (at the outer corner of the eyes)
Botox injection is currently the most common cosmetic procedure in North America. Last year, over 1 million people in the U.S. had Botox injections.
Injection is done with a tiny needle, directly into the involved muscles. No pre-freezing is necessary. The smoothing effect requires about a week to develop. The result lasts for about 5 months. The procedure can then be repeated. Full activities can be resumed on the day after injection.
There are very few complications associated with Botox. There can be swelling, bruising, and minor discomfort. Very rarely, a patient can develop ptosis or drooping of an upper eyelid. This is very rare and is only a temporary phenomenon.